Appendix 1


Footnotes – not in MLA Format

When you clicked on one of the footnotes inside a chapter, you opened a new window to the footnote page.

The way to go back to where you linked from is to just close this window by clicking the red X in the upper rght corner.  The window where you were reading will still be open.

F1.    Sibley, David Allen. “The Sibley Guide to Birds”, Alfred A. Knopf, 2000, page 7.

F2.   Sibley, David Allen. “The Sibley Guide to Birds”, inside flap on the back of the book.

F3.   Weidensaul, Scott. “Mountains of the Heart: a Natural History of the Appalachians”, Fulcrum Publishing, 1994, page 97.

F4.  Barry, Dave.  “Dave Barry’s Greatest Hits” – I didn’t find any routines about the Dark Ages, but I found a chapter titled “Ear Wax in the Fog” which is about the earphones distributed on airlines.  Mr. Barry estimated that if “each person leaves one-sixteenth of an ounce of earwax on these devices,” … “in the last fifteen years alone, the airlines have collected 600 tons”.   The rest of the chapter is speculation about what the airlines do with so much ear wax.  Page 231.

F5.  Sibley, David Allen. “Sibley’s Birding Basics”, Alfred A. Knopf, 2002, page 61.

F6.  I’m not sure where I got this term, but I read a lot of James Fennimore Cooper’s books when I was growing up.  Maybe it was in one of those.

F7.  Weidensaul, Scott. “Living on the Wind:  across the hemisphere with migratory birds”, North Point Press, 1999, section on reasons for migration.

F8.  For this info, do an internet search on “comparing Nikon Fieldscope with Swarovski”.  You’ll get a boatload of hits and some very good reading on spotting scopes.

F9.  Sibley, David Allen. “Sibley’s Birding Basics”, page 9.

F10.  Weidensaul, Scott.  “Seasonal Guide to the Natural Year”, Fulcrum Publishing, 1992, p. 85.

F11.  Are you kidding me?  This occurred before the internet existed!  No way am I going to try to find this reference.


F13.  Weidensaul, Scott.  “Seasonal Guide to the Natural Year”, pages 18-19.

F14.  Yow, John.  “The Armchair Birder Goes Coastal:  the Secret Lives of Birds of the Southern Shore”, University of North Carolina Press, 2012, p13.

F15.  Rosenberg, Kenneth V.  “The Age of Binoculars”, Cornell Lab of Ornithology Publications, Living Bird, Winter 2005/Volume 24, Number 1.

F16.  Michael O’Brien, Richard Crossley, and Kevin Karlson.  “The Shorebird Guide”, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006.

F17.  WeidenSaul, Scott.  “Living on the Wind”, section on the Red Knot.

F18.  “How to Start a Movement” on YouTube.

F19.  Fill in a Weidensaul quote; how about this from “Mountains of the Heart”:  “But for now there is only the mountain, the feel of the chilly quartz through my shirt, the soft wind and the sweet light of sunset polishing the day.”

F20. “Are invasive species the drivers of ecological change”.

F21.  Barker, Margaret A. and Griggs, Jack.  “The Feeder Watcher’s Guide to Bird Feeding”, A Cornell Bird Library Guide, 2000.

F22.  Broun, Maurice.  “Hawks Aloft, the Story of Hawk Mountain”, Stackpole Books, 1948, 1949, 1977.

F23.  Mann, Charles.  “1493 uncovering the New World Columbus created”, Alfred A. Knopf, 2011, there are references to this topic throughout the book, but page 303 is particularly strong.

F24.  Tekelia, Stan.  “Birds of Pennsylvania”, Adventure Publications, 2000, page 33.

F25.  Mann, Charles.  “1493 uncovering the New World Columbus created”, Chapter 4 “Shiploads of Money”, starting on page 123.

F26.  This was a poll conducted by me.  The poll question was:  “Who would you prefer for president?  (a) George Bush or (b) the star of ‘Brewster’s Millions’, Richard Pryor?”  The poll participants were three very liberal Democratic voters, one self-described Libertarian, and a teen-ager who was paid two dollars to say “Brewster’s Millions”.  All five respondents replied (b). 

F27.  “From each according to his ability, to each according to his need” is a phrase that was used as far back as the late 1700s and made popular in 1875 by Karl Marx. 


F28.  Joke about the Slavic mindset, repeated from multiple sources:  Two Russian peasants are each granted a wish by the Russian equivalent of a fairy godmother.  The first peasant wishes for a mule.   Seeing how happy his neighbor is with his new possession, the second peasant wishes that his neighbor’s mule will die.